Moderation of the ‘Ulamā’ of Deoband

By Dr. ‘Allāmah Khālid Maḥmūd
Translated by Prof. Murtaz Ḥusayn F. Qurayshī

In the understanding and explaining of religion the ‘Ulamā’ of Deoband are neither convinced of that method which may be altogether severed from the past because it is not a continuous relation – it is a new path, nor are they convinced of this extreme that under the force of custom and convention and conformance to the ancestors every heretic innovation may be introduced into Islām. Actions denied of continuity and continuity that may not reach uninterruptedly up to the “best of decades” cannot be the actions of Islām. However, these gentlemen are fully convinced of and committed to that conformance that has continued in the name of Islāmic fiqh (jurisprudence) emanating from the head-spring of the Qur’ān and the Ḥadīth. The Qur’ān decries conformance to the ancestors simply for the reason that those ancestors might be devoid of the light of intelligence and guidance: “What, Even though their fathers were wholly unintelligent and had no guidance” (Qur’ān, 2:170). Conformance to the Imāms of the past and the Fuqahā’ (jurisprudents) of Islām who were enlightened with the light of knowledge and guidance is not only not blameable but is also the real thing to be desired, and we have been taught that we pray to the Lord of Honour in each prayer to make us walk on the path of not only the prophets but also the truthful ones, the martyrs and the righteous because this alone is the straight path.

اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ

Show as the straight path, the path of those whom You have bestowed favour. (Qur’ān, 1:5-6)

Due to this moderate tack the ‘Ulamā’ of Deoband remained safe from religious unrestrainedness and self-opinion and the darknesses of polytheism and innovation too could not draw them into their net. By their actions and thoughts the continuity of Islām was maintained as well as no discontinuous view and action could enter Islām in the name of religion. These respectable men went an kindling the lamps of Islām by the continuity of knowledge and action, and, looking at the history of Deoband, we can assert that Islām is really a live religion which is continuous from their time up to the felicitous period of the noble Companions (Allāh be pleased with them all).

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Taqqīyah according to the Ahl al-Sunnah wa ‘l-Jamā‘ah

By Mawlana Hisham Dawood

Taqiyyah According to Ahl Al Sunnah Wa Al Jamā‘ah[1]

Linguistic Meaning of Taqiyyah

Taqiyyah is the act of protecting one’s self from danger.[2]

Technical Meaning of Taqiyyah

To protect one’s self by displaying an action[3],[4] or speech contrary to one’s belief.[5]

Legality of Taqiyyah[6]

Taqiyyah in normal circumstances is impermissible according to the majority of ‘Ulamā’. It is only permissible in times of dire need. Al Imām Al Qurtubī said, “Taqiyyah is not permissible except if one fears death, or being cut up (into pieces), or great harm.”[7] Allāh Ta‘ālā says,

لَا يَتَّخِذِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الْكَافِرِينَ أَوْلِيَاءَ مِنْ دُونِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَمَنْ يَفْعَلْ ذَلِكَ فَلَيْسَ مِنَ اللَّهِ فِي شَيْءٍ إِلَّا أَنْ تَتَّقُوا مِنْهُمْ تُقَاةً (آل عمران:٢٨)

The believers should not take disbelievers as confidants in place of other believers. And whosoever does that he has no relation with Allāh except if you do so as a protective measure…(Āl ‘Imrān:28) 

This verse is proof for the permissibility of taqiyyah.

When the polytheists of Makkah tortured ‘Ammaār bin Yāsir Radiallāhu ‘Anhu and forced him to utter words of disbelief, Allāh Ta‘ālā revealed the following verse[8]:

مَنْ كَفَرَ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ بَعْدِ إِيمَانِهِ إِلَّا مَنْ أُكْرِهَ وَقَلْبُهُ مُطْمَئِنٌّ بِالْإِيمَانِ وَلَكِنْ مَنْ شَرَحَ بِالْكُفْرِ صَدْرًا فَعَلَيْهِمْ غَضَبٌ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ (النحل:١٠٦)

Whoever disbelieves in Allāh after having faith-not the one who is compelled under duress whilst his heart remains content with belief but the one who is at ease with disbelief- upon them is the wrath of Allāh and for them is a great torment. (Al Naĥl: 106)

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Answering the claim that Mawlānā Thānawī advocates magic in A‘māl e Qur’ān

By Mawlānā Zameelur Rahman

Question

There are many Salafis here in the UK who accuse Mawlānā Ashraf ‘Alī Thānawī of magic in his book, Remedies from the Qur’ān. What answer should be given to them? Please provide some proof or evidence as well.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullāhi wa barakātuh.

In A‘māl e Qur’ān of Hazrat Mawlānā Ashraf ‘Alī Thānawī, he extracts remedies and solutions from the Holy Qur’ān for a wide variety of problems. The book is a collection of verses of the Qur’ān, along with procedures for their application, which Mawlānā found to be effective in producing certain results by the will of Allāh Ta‘ālā.

The Qur’ān contains shifā’. Allāh Ta‘ālā says:

وننزل من القرآن ما هو شفاء ورحمة للمؤمنين

“And We send down from the Qur’ān that which is a remedy and mercy for the believers.” (Qur’ān, 17:82)

It is reported from Rasūlullāh (sallAllāhu ‘alayhi wasallam) that he said:

عليكم بالشفاءين: العسل والقرآن

“Make use of two remedies: honey and the Qur’an.”[1]

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Is Kanzul Iman of Maulwi Ahmad Rida Khan al-Barelwi reliable?

By Mawlana Zameelur Rahman

Question

(1)My question is that can we read Quran translation by AHMED RAZA KHAN? (2) As a hanafi (deobandi) can we say him Aalim, Mujadid etc? or just curse him for his Bida’ah?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullāhi wa barakātuh.

A Muslim should always maintain lofty character, and not be abusive of others. Rasūlullāh (sallAllāhu ‘alayhi wasallam) said:

ليس المؤمن بالطعان ولا اللعان ولا الفاحش ولا البذيء

“A believer is neither abusive, nor profane, nor offensive, nor ill-mannered.” (Jāmi‘ at-Tirmidhī)[1]

As such, one should not curse the author of the translation in reference.

At the same time, it is important for Muslims to adopt caution with respect to their sources of religious instruction. Imām Muhammad ibn Sīrin (d. 110 H), the great Tābi‘ī, said:

إن هذا العلم دين فانظروا عمن تأخذون دينكم 

“Verily, this knowledge is religion, so be mindful from whom you take your religion.”

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Advices for women unable to conceive

By Mawlana Fahad Abdul Wahab

Question

Its been two years i am married and am not conceiving, although all my and my husband’s reports are clear.
i was thinking may be i have made a sin somewhere in life, due to which i am having this punishment…so should i do any kaffara? what sort of?or can it be some magic? how can i make sure that i am under any such effect or not.
Its been two years, we have visited so many drs, every Dr change my medicine which doest work. i have done even some wazaaif but even they were not effective.

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What are the satanic verses

By Mawlana Zameelur Rahman

Question

What are satanic verses? what was that event in real? here is the wiki link for your reference,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satanic_Verses

Elaborate on the event in detail

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The “satanic verses” refers to a story reported from the life of Nabī (sallAllāhu ‘alayhi wasallam). The story goes that Rasūlullāh (sallAllāhu ‘alayhi wasallam) was reciting Sūrah al-Najm in Makkah in the presence of some idolaters, and when he reached the verses:

أفرأيتم اللت والعزى ومنوة الثالتة الأخرى

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