al-Barelwī on the differences amongst Ṣaḥābah

By Mawlānā Aḥmad Razā Khān Barelwī

Note: This is to understand how serious Ulama before us have treated the position of the Sahaabah ever thoughtful of their role in the spread of the message of Islam.

Just to indicate the diversity of the status of Sayyiduna Muawiya among the Ahl al-Sunnah, here’s an extract of the view of Shaykh Ahmad Ridha Khan whom some thought would be courteous to Sayyiduna Ali and harsh to Sayyiduna Muawiyah. So the read the extract and see the common strength shown against those who deny his place among the noble Sahabah.

It is recorded in Ahkaami Sharee’ah that in the month of Jamadil Ulaa, 1337 the following question was put foward to Mawlana Ahmed Raza Khan.


It must be brought to the notice of Ulama-e-Ahle Sunnat that today Sunnis sit in the companionship of corrupt sects and have become misled in faith due to a few laws. Even though there are numerous laws explained in your books, this servant has not seen anything relating to this that is why I felt it necessary to query this issue.

The issue is that there is a person who refers to Hazrat Ameer Muawiyah as a miserly person. He says that Ameer Muawaiyah fought with Hazrat Ali and the family of the Holy Prophet (Hazrat Imam Hassan ) and stole the khilaafat from them and he martyred thousands of Sahaba-e-Kiraam to achieve this.

Bakr says that he is aware of Ameer Muawiyah wrongs and he cannot be called an Ameer.

Amar on the other hand says that Hazrat Ameer Muawiyah is from amongst the senior Sahaba-e-Kiraam and the slightest disrespect to him is to be misled.

There is another person who calls himself a Sunni and also claims to have some knowledge (the truth is that he is actually completely ignorant) says that all the Sahaba, especially Hazrat Abu Bakr , Hazrat Umar and Hazrat Usman Zul Noorain (Allah Forbid) were greedy and miserly, as they kept the blessed bier of the Holy Prophet and then were each engrossed in their own schemes of how to become Khalifa.

Now what is the ruling about these 4 persons? Can we regard them as being Ahle Sunnat Wa Jamaat or not? What is your (Aala Hazrat’s) view on this issue. Please present a simple yet well supported answer.


Almighty Allah described the Sahaba of the Prophet in 2 categories in Surah Hadeed.

One group are those who accepted Islam before the Victory of Makkah and who spent their wealth in the path of Allah sincerely and made Jihad.

The second group refers to those who accepted Islam after the Victory of Makkah.

Almighty Allah mentioned in the Holy Quran about both the groups:

Wa Kul’la Wa’d Allahu Husna” wherein Almighty Allah promised both groups good things.
In giving this promise of giving them good things, Almighty Allah says in the Holy Quran:

“They have been kept a great distance away from Hell. They will not even hear its sound. These are the ones who will live forever in the way they desire. The most difficult moments of Qiyaamat will not cause them any sadness, The Angels will welcome them by saying, This is that day of yours which you have been promised”

Almighty Allah has mentioned the above as the status & excellence of every Sahabi. Now, if anyone says ill about any sahabi, then he wants to belie the word of Allah. To present false and incorrect narrations regarding some of their dealings against that, which Allah has mentioned, is not the manner of the Muslims.

In the same verse, Almighty Allah even answered such people by promising good to both the groups of the Sahaba-e-Kiraam (radi Allahu ta’ala anhum). Almighty Allah also says, “Allah knows well, whatever you are to do.”
(In other words Allah knows everything and has still promised both groups his Mercy and Blessings).

Now after this, whoever barks or say such things, will go to jahanum (Hell). Allama Shahabud’deen Khufaji states as follows in Naseemur Riyaz, the commentary of Shifa Shareef by Qaadi Iyaaz as follows:

“One who slanders Hazrat Ameer Muawiyah is a dog from amongst the dogs of Hell”

Amongst the four statements (presented in the question), only Amar’s statement is correct and true.

Zaid & Bakr are liars

And the fourth person is the worst & most evil of all three as he is a raafdhi (Shia).

To appoint an Imam (Caliph) is the most difficult task of all difficult tasks. All the issues of the world & religion have connection to this & if the blessed Janaazah of the Prophet had to be kept even until Qiyaamat, then there would have been still no possibility of any harm at all.

The blessed bodies of the Ambia never become disintegrated. Hazrat Sulaiman remained standing for one entire year after passing away. He was only laid to rest in his blessed grave after one year.

Now, the Blessed Janaazah of the Prophet was in the room of Ummul Mo’mineen Siddiqa (radi Allahu anha), & it is the same place where the blessed Rauza-e-Anwar is today. The Janaazah Mubaarak was not going to be taken out of that Hujrah. It was a small Hujrah & all the Sahaba wished to be part of the Janaazah Salaah, so small groups of Sahaba-e-Kiraam came in one after the other. They took part in the Janaazah Salaah & went out (& the next group came in). This chain of actions ended on the the third day.

Now, if this practice of the Sahaba had to take three years, then the blessed janaazah would have been kept there for three years & this, would have been the reason for the (so-called) delay in placing The Prophet to rest in his blessed Rauza Mubarak.

If according to this Iblees (cursed person) this was being greedy (power hungry), then the strongest objection would be on Ummul Mo’mineen Siddiqa & Hazrat Ali (Radi Allahu anhum). They were not greedy. The issue of burial and kaffan is the right of the family members. Why did Hazrat Ali & Ummul Mo’mineen then just wait and do nothing for three days ? They are the ones who did this for The Prophet. They should have done the last rites aswell. (All this is being just given as an example to allow the ignorant to understand that these could be the objections that they would have to make on great people like Hazrat Ali & Ummul Mo’mineen)

Now, it can be established that the objections by these people are baseless & cursed & the issue of not resting the Prophet in his blessed grave quickly had religious benefits in it & Hazrat Ali and all the Sahaba-e-Kiraam were pleased with this.

These evil cursed people (May Allah destroy them) are not just hurting the Sahaba, but they are causing discomfort to the Prophet . It has been mentioned in the Hadith Shareef as follows:

“Anyone who has hurt my Sahaba has hurt me and one who has hurt me has caused Allah displeasure and one who displeases Allah, it is soon that Allah will seize him”

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