Shaykh al-Islām Ibn Taymiyyah on Sufis and Taṣawwuf

By Shaykh Abu Humayd

The following is an excerpt from the passages of Majmu’ al-Fatawa Li-Ibni Taymiyyah (Rahimahullah).

The following is to educate people on what is Tasawwuf and Sufism; because many misconception have been floating around lately ‘refuting’ Sufis and Tasawwuf by those (funnily enough) who hold Shaykh Ibn Taymiyyah in very high esteem.  Enough mis-information has been passed around the globe trying to taint Tasawwuf but Insha-Allah in the words of a Shaykh al-Islam (according to them) would the tainting of Tasawwuf be repudiated, Insha-Allah.

To commence:

مجموع فتاوى ابن تيمية

تقي الدين ابن تيمية

مجموع فتاوى ابن تيمية » الآداب والتصوف » كتاب التصوف » أهل الصفة

http://www.islamweb.net/newlibrary/display_book.php?idfrom=1093&idto=1112&bk_no=22&ID=651

أي الصوفي ـ في الحقيقة نوع من الصديقين فهو الصديق الذي اختص بالزهد والعبادة

Shaykh Ibn Taymiyyah says:

“And the Sufi is in reality a kind of Siddiq [Truthful One], that Siddiq who specialized in Zuhd [Asceticism] and ‘Ibadah [Worship].”

And there after he mentions:

فطائفة ذمت ” الصوفية والتصوف ” . وقالوا : إنهم [ ص: 18 ] مبتدعون خارجون عن السنة ونقل عن طائفة من الأئمة في ذلك من الكلام ما هو معروف وتبعهم على ذلك طوائف من أهل الفقه والكلام .

وطائفة غلت فيهم وادعوا أنهم أفضل الخلق وأكملهم بعد الأنبياء وكلا طرفي هذه الأمور ذميم .

و ” الصواب ” أنهم مجتهدون في طاعة الله كما اجتهد غيرهم من أهل طاعة الله ففيهم السابق المقرب بحسب اجتهاده وفيهم المقتصد الذي هو من أهل اليمين وفي كل من الصنفين من قد يجتهد فيخطئ وفيهم من يذنب فيتوب أو لا يتوب .

ومن المنتسبين إليهم من هو ظالم لنفسه عاص لربه .

وقد انتسب إليهم طوائف من أهل البدع والزندقة ; ولكن عند المحققين من أهل التصوف ليسوا منهم : كالحلاج مثلا ; فإن أكثر مشايخ الطريق أنكروه وأخرجوه عن الطريق .

مثل : الجنيد بن محمد سيد الطائفة وغيره . كما ذكر ذلك الشيخ أبو عبد الرحمن السلمي ; في ” طبقات الصوفية ” وذكره الحافظ أبو بكر الخطيب في تاريخ بغداد .

فهذا أصل التصوف . ثم إنه بعد ذلك تشعب وتنوع وصارت [ ص: 19 ] الصوفية ” ثلاثة أصناف ” صوفية الحقائق وصوفية الأرزاق وصوفية الرسم .

Shaykh Ibn Taymiyyah says:

“Some people criticised Sufiyyah and Tasawwuf and they said they were innovators, out of the Sunnah, but the truth is they are striving in Allah’s obedienceas others of Allah’s People strove in Allah’s obedience. So from them you will find the Foremost in Nearness by virtue of his striving And some of them are from the People of the Right hand, but slower in their progress. For both kinds, they might make ijtihad and in that case they might be correct and they might be wrong. And from both types, some of them might make a sin and repent. And this is the origin of Tasawwuf. And after that origin, it has been spread and has its main line and its branches. And it has become three kinds:

1. Sufiyyah al-Haqa’iq – the True Sufis

2. Sufiyyah al-Arzaaq – the Professional Sufis (those who use Sufism for personal gain)

3. Sufiyyah al-Rasm – the Outer Sufis. (Sufi by appearance only).”

End quote.

Infact if you read the whole passage in which I posted the link above; Ibn Taymiyyah praises the Sufis and the Science of Tasawwuf impeccably – and brothers today who hold him in high esteem seem to have wool covering their eyes in regards to this subject and what he said, maybe this is due to lack of knowledge – or lack of mis-information from their peers.

You can see clearly with our own eyes, same people back then said same things today about Sufi / Tasawwuf is Bid’ah, he Ibn Taymiyyah profusely repudiated  this claim that it was bid’ah back then. Iif he was alive today he would have done the same thing with he anti Sufis and Tasawwuf.

But whatever the case may Allah guide us to the truth and may He settle out hearts together and unite us all.

See more:

Kashf and Ilham of Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah

The Karamat and Awrad of Sh. al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah

Shah Wali Allah al-Dihlawi on Sh. Ibn Taymiyyah

Shaykh al-Islām Ibn Taymiyyah on gatherings of dhikr, and other practices associated with Sufism

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